Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (B) 21310157 (2009-2011)
This study, with paying close attention to the “unofficial” political spaces developing beyond the legal system of respective countries located in the Arab East or their domain as a sovereign state, collected the information regarding political actors engaging in various activities in the said spaces and continuously disclosed it on the webpage, etc. Also, based on the collected information, the articles listed in “5. Major Published Papers, etc.” were published for demonstrating that mukhabarat, resistance, shabiha, government-led NPOs, etc. were assuming decisive roles in the politics in the Arab East.
- Hiroyuki AOYAMA (Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
- Kota SUECHIKA (College of International Relations, Ritsumeikan University)
Updated in July 2018