Comparative Study on Trans Border Activities of Non-state Armed Actors in the Middle East

Grant-in-Aid for Scientific (B) 21H03683 18H03622 (2021-2023)


This project elucidates the actual state of cross-border activities of non-state armed actors in the conflict and post-conflict period state construction in Lebanon, Syria, and Iraq, using the method of area studies mainly by analyzing local language materials. In each of these countries, non-state actors play an important role in their own circumstances. But reflecting Iran’s foreign policy, some non-state actors act cross-border, and they are involved conflicts in multiple countries. Therefore, in this project, we will analyze the trends of non-state armed actors in each country mainly through the creation of a list of VIPs widely used in political research in Middle Eastern countries as a “warp”. Using the analysis of Iran’s foreign policy as a “weft”, we will elucidate both the uniqueness and commonality of non-state actors in each country.


Principal Investigator

    • Yutaka TAKAOKA (Special Researcher, Institute of Global Studies, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)


    • Kenta AOKI (Executive Research Fellow, Middle East Institute of Japan)
    • Hiroyuki AOYAMA (Professor, Institute of Global Studies, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    • Kota SUECHIKA (Professor, College of International Relations, Ritsumeikan University)
    • Dai YAMAO (Associate Professor, Faculty of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University)


Created in April 2021 (Updated in January 2023)