Roles of the Informal Actors in Reconstruction and/or Destruction of the State: Case Studies of the Arab East

Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (A) 18H03622 (2018-2022)


The Middle East, the Arab East in particular, has reached a new stage that can be named as “post-Islamic State stage” after the decline of the Islamic State that has been regarded as “the greatest threat to the international community”. However, this fact doesn’t mean that “weak states” that have been breeding grounds for the Islamic State and the authoritarian rule have been already disappeared from the said region. Accordingly, the respective countries still have a rocky road ahead in addressing their reconstruction and reintegration. Meanwhile, however, some of “unofficial political actors” that have been placing themselves outside the legal and institutional framework of their own countries and helping weakening them are willing to complement functions of state instead of challenging them. The purpose of this study is, while paying close attention to the activities of “unofficial political actors” in the Arab East at “post-Islamic State stage”, to reveal under what kinds of political and social conditions they will assume positive or negative roles in their effort to reconstruct and reintegrate their own countries.


Principal Investigator


    • Kota SUECHIKA (College of International Relations, Ritsumeikan University)
    • Aiko NISHIKIDA (Associate Professor, Research Institute for Languages and Cultures of Asia and Africa, Tokyo University of Foreign Studies)
    • Dai YAMAO (Associate Professor, Faculty of Social and Cultural Studies, Kyushu University)
    • Shingo HAMANAKA (Professor, Faculty of Law, Ryukoku University)
    • Yutaka TAKAOKA (Chief Research Fellow, Middle East Institute of Japan)
    • Kohei IMAI (Researcher, Area Studies Center, Institute of Developing Economic–JETRO)
    • Masaki MIZOBUCHI (Associate Professor, Faculty of Economics, Nagoya University of Commerce and Business)


Created in July 2018 (Updated in April 2022)