Syrian President Bashar al-Assad issued Degree No. 332 on November 22, 2020 and appointed Faysal al-Miqdad as Minister of Foreign Affairs and Expatriates to replace Walid al-Mu’allim, who died on November 16.
Report on the Elections for Third People’s Assembly in Syria has been published in Country Files.
Former ambassador Charbel Wehbe (Sharbil Wahba) was appointed as Lebanon’s new foreign minister on August 3, 2020, replacing Nassif Hitti (Nasif Hitti) who resigned earlier in the day.
Shingo Hamanaka (2020) “Rebuilding Leviathan: A Quantitative Analysis of Internally Displaced Persons, Syrian Refugees, and Citizens in Aleppo.”
Eight years have passed since the Syrian Arab Spring began. Many Syrian people lost their homes, assets, friends and family, and faced unparalleled tragedies. Today, the major war is over within the Syrian territory, aside from in the Idlib governorate. For Syrians, their work now focuses on the rehabilitation of their society and in rebuilding the Syrian Arab Republic. In other words, the people must again accept a social contract with a brutal and repressive authoritarian regime in the aftermath of the Syrian Civil War. Our research interest is as follows: How much patience do Syrian IDPs have in living with the political order as rebuilt by the Assad Administration and its allied nations? Despite calling it a “civil war,” the Syrian conflict has been internationalized by two camps (Russia and the United States). Therefore, in this study, we attempt to find evidence that recognizes the difference of attitudes toward the allies of Assad and the enemies of the IDPs and Syrian citizens in order to inquire about the psychological difficulties for people with severe experiences to accept Damascus’s authoritarian rule again.
Shingo HAMANAKA, Hiroyuki AOYAMA and Yutaka TAKAOKA’s New Book, World Order from the People’s Perspective in the Middle East, has been published from Koyo Shobo Corporation (Kyoto) on March 15, 2020.